Alan C Love

My research focuses on conceptual issues that arise in different areas of biological science. Much of my work has concentrated on the concepts of evolutionary innovation and novelty, which have been at the center of the research agenda articulated by many biologists situated in evolutionary developmental biology (Evo-devo). I am also interested in issues that arise in developmental biology and functional morphology. I use a combination of approaches to investigate a variety of philosophical questions: conceptual change, explanatory pluralism, the structure of evolutionary theory, reductionism, the nature of historical science, and interdisciplinary epistemology. Another area of interest concerns methodological questions, such as the role of history in philosophical research and the nature of intuitions generated by thought experiments in philosophical inquiry.

Educational Background & Specialties

Educational Background

  • Ph.D.: History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, 2005.
  • M.A.: Biology (Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior Program), Indiana University, Bloomington, 2004.
  • M.A.: Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh, 2002.
  • B.S.: Biology (Minor: Philosophy), M.I.T., 1995.

Curriculum Vitae

Specialties

  • Philosophy of biology
  • Philosophy of science
  • Darwin
  • History of biology
  • Science and religion
Courses Taught
  • PHIL 1005/1005H - Scientific Reasoning
  • PHIL 3602 - Science, Technology and Society: Darwin and Design
  • PHIL 4607 - Philosophy of the Biological Sciences
  • PHIL 5602 - Scientific Representation and Explanation
Research & Professional Activities

Professional Activities

  • Chair, 1st Annual Poster Forum: Philosophy of Science Association, 2016
  • Member-at-Large (elected): Section on History & Philosophy, American Association for the Advancement of Science , 2016 - 2020
  • Founding editor: Philosophy & Theory in Biology (online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal - http://quod.lib.umich.edu/p/ptb/) with Massimo Pigliucci (CUNY-Lehman), Jonathan Kaplan (Oregon State University), and Joan Roughgarden (Stanford University), , 2009 - 2014
  • Editorial Board: Philosophy & Theory in Biology , 2015-
  • Steering Committee: &HPS – Integrated History and Philosophy of Science , 2009 - 2015
  • Executive Council: Integrated History and Philosophy of Science , 2015-
  • Editorial Board: Metascience , 2010-
  • Editorial Board: Bioscience , 2012-
  • Editorial Board: Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol) , 2013-
  • Editorial Board: Science: Philosophy, History and Education Book Series (Springer) , 2013-
  • Council Member (elected): International Society for the History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology , 2013 - 2017
Publications
  • Hüttemann, A. and A.C. Love. 2016. Reduction. In P. Humphries (ed), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 460–484.
  • Love, A.C. 2016. Explaining the origins of multicellularity: between evolutionary dynamics and developmental mechanisms. In: K.J. Niklas and S.A. Newman (eds.), Multicellularity: Origins and Evolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 279–295.
  • Love, A.C. and D. Urban. 2016. Developmental evolution of novel structures – animals. In R. Kliman (ed.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. Volume 3. Oxford: Academic Press, 136–145.
  • The idealization of causation in mechanistic explanation: Love, Alan, Nathan, M.J., Philosophy of Science, 82 761–774, 2015. Link
  • Collaborative explanation, explanatory roles, and scientific explaining in practice: Love, Alan, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science , 52 88–94, 2015. Link
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039368115000382: Love, Alan, Moczek, A.P., K.E. Sears, A. Stollewerk, P.J. Wittkopp, P. Diggle, I. Dworkin, C. Ledon-Rettig, D.Q. Mattus, S. Roth, E. Abouheif, F.D. Brown, C-H. Chiu, C.S. Cohen, A.W. De Tomaso, S.F. Gilbert, B.K. Hall, A.C. Love, D.C. Lyons, T. Sanger, J. Smith, C. Specht, M. Vallejo-Marin, and C.G. Extavour, Evolution & Development, 17 198–219, 2015. Link
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039368115000382: Love, Alan, Moczek, A.P., K.E. Sears, A. Stollewerk, P.J. Wittkopp, P. Diggle, I. Dworkin, C. Ledon-Rettig, D.Q. Mattus, S. Roth, E. Abouheif, F.D. Brown, C-H. Chiu, C.S. Cohen, A.W. De Tomaso, S.F. Gilbert, B.K. Hall, A.C. Love, D.C. Lyons, T. Sanger, J. Smith, C. Specht, M. Vallejo-Marin, and C.G. Extavour, Evolution & Development, 17 198–219, 2015. Link
  • Conceptual Change in Biology: Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives on Evolution and Development. Love, Alan, Springer, Editor, 2015. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2015. What-if history of science. Metascience 24:5–24. (Review symposium of Darwin Deleted: Imagining a World without Darwin by P. Bowler [2013].)
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Methodological pluralism about causation in the sciences. (A review of Causality: Philosophical Theory Meets Scientific Practice by P. Illari and F. Russo, [2014]), Choice 53(11):1247.
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Developmental biology. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/biology-developmental/
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Conceptual change and evolutionary developmental biology. In A.C. Love (ed), Conceptual Change in Biology: Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives on Evolution and Development. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science. Berlin: Springer, 1–54.
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Evolutionary developmental biology: philosophical issues. In T. Heams, P. Huneman, L. Lecointre, and M. Silberstein (eds), Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences. Berlin: Springer, 265-283.
  • Love, A.C. 2015. ChINs, swarms, and variational modalities: concepts in the service of an evolutionary research program. Biology & Philosophy 30:873–888. (Essay review of Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation by G.P. Wagner [2014].)
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Scientism under scrutiny. (A review of Scientism: The New Orthodoxy edited by R.N. Williams and D.N. Robinson, [2015]), Choice 53(10):747.
  • Love, A.C. 2015. Developing a rhetorical account of explanation. (A review of The Nature of Scientific Thinking: on Interpretation, Explanation and Understanding by J. Faye, [2014]), Choice 52(8):4168.
  • Multilevel research strategies and biological systems: Love, Alan, O’Malley, M.A., I. Brigandt, A.C. Love, J.W. Crawford, J.A. Gilbert, R. Knight, S.D. Mitchell, and F. Rohwer, Philosophy of Science , 81 811-828, 2014. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2014. The erotetic organization of developmental biology. In A. Minelli and T. Pradeu (eds), Towards a Theory of Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 33–55.
  • Love, A.C. 2014. A kaleidoscopic view of scientific naturalism. (A review of Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity edited by G. Dawson and B. Lightman, [2014]), Choice 52(3):1395
  • Love, A.C. 2014. Philosophy of biology exemplified. (A review of Philosophy of Biology by Peter Godfrey-Smith, [2013]), Choice 51(12):6737.
  • Love, A.C. 2014. Caution on the plurality of causation. (A review of The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life by P.V. Rabins, [2013]), Choice 51(9):4988.
  • Dimensions of integration in interdisciplinary explanations of the origin of evolutionary novelty: Love, Alan, Love, A.C. and Lugar, G.L. , Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 44 537–550, 2013. Link
  • Microbes modeling ontogeny. Love, Alan, Love, A.C. and Travisano, M., Co-Author, 2013. Link
  • Theory is as theory does: scientific practice and theory structure in biology. Love, Alan, Author, 2013. Link
  • Interdisciplinary lessons for the teaching of biology from the practice of Evo-devo: Love, Alan, Science & Education, 22 255–278, 2013. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2013. Teaching evolutionary developmental biology: concepts, problems, and controversy. In K. Kampourakis (ed), Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Berlin: Springer, 323–341.
  • Love, A.C. 2013. Experiments, intuitions and images of philosophy and science. Analysis Reviews 73:785–797. (Essay review of Experimental Philosophy: An Introduction by J. Alexander [2012] and Philosophy Without Intuitions by H. Cappelen [2012].)
  • Love, A.C. 2013. Cooperation analyzed interdisciplinarily. (A review of Evolution, Games, and God: The Principle of Cooperation edited by M. Nowak and S. Coakley, [2013]), Choice 51(3):1470.
  • Love, A.C. 2013. From Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum to Arabia and Antioch. (A review of Cells to Civilizations: The Principles of Change That Shape Life by E. Coen, [2012]), Evolution & Development 15:158–159.
  • Conceptualizing evolutionary novelty: moving beyond definitional debates: Love, Alan, Brigandt, I. and Love, A.C., Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol) , 318B 417–427, 2012. Link
  • Hierarchy, causation and explanation: ubiquity, locality, and pluralism: Love, Alan, Interface Focus , 2 115–125, 2012. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2012. Material versus formal theories in philosophy of science: a methodological interpretation. In H. de Regt, S. Okasha, and S. Hartmann (eds), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. The European Philosophy of Science Association Proceedings, Vol. 1. Berlin: Springer, 175–185.
  • Love, A.C. 2012. Ignorance and science: from strange juxtaposition to essential connection. (A review of Ignorance: How it Drives Science by Stuart Firestein, [2012]), Science in Focus.
  • Doyle, T.J. and Love, A.C. 2012. Leibniz through the lens of life science. (A review of Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life by J.E.H. Smith, [2011]), Journal of the History of Biology 45:367–371.
  • Love, A.C. 2012. The allure of perennial questions in biology: temporary excitement or substantive advance? (A review of Form and Function in Developmental Evolution edited by M.D. Laubichler and J. Maienschein, [2009]), Metascience 21:167–170.
  • Aspects of reductive explanation in biological science: intrinsicality, fundamentality, and temporality: Love, Alan, Hüttemann, A. and Love, A.C. , British Journal for Philosophy of Science, 62 519–549, 2011.
  • Love, A.C. and A. Hüttemann 2011. Comparing part-whole explanations in biology and physics. In D. Dieks, W.J. Gonzalez, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel, and M. Weber (eds), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Berlin: Springer, 183–202.
  • Love, A.C. 2011. Darwin’s functional reasoning and homology. In M. Wheeler (ed), 150 Years of Evolution: Darwin’s Impact on Contemporary Thought & Culture. San Diego: SDSU Press, 49–67.
  • Love, A.C. 2011. Philosophical lessons from scientific biography. Philosophy of Science 78: 696-701. (Essay review of The Tragic Sense of Life: Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought by R.J. Richards [2009].)
  • Love, A.C. 2011. Philosophy and paleontology: getting to know each other. (A review of Paleontology: A Philosophical Introduction by D. Turner, [2011]), Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  • Love, A.C. 2011. Walking in Darwin’s Galápagos shoes. (A review of Darwin in Galápagos: Footsteps to a New World by K.T. Grant and G.B. Estes, [2009]), Metascience 20:117–119.
  • Evolutionary novelty and the Evo-devo synthesis: field notes: Love, Alan, Brigandt, I. and Love, A.C. , Evolutionary Biology , 37 93–99, 2010. Link
  • Love, Alan C (2010). Idealization in Evolutionary Developmental Investigation: A Tension between Phenotypic Plasticity and Normal Stages. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365, 679–690. Link
  • Rethinking the structure of evolutionary theory for an extended synthesis: Love, Alan, G. Müller and M. Pigliucci (eds.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press., Toward an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis, 2010.
  • Darwin’s ‘imaginary illustrations’: creatively teaching evolutionary concepts and the nature of science: Love, Alan, The American Biology Teacher, 72 82–89, 2010.
  • Love, Alan C (2009). Typology Reconfigured: From the Metaphysics of Essentialism to the Epistemology of Representation. Acta Biotheoretica, 57, 51-75.
  • Love, Alan C (2009). Marine invertebrates, model organisms, and the modern synthesis: epistemic values, evo-devo, and exclusion. Theory in Biosciences, 128, 19-42.
  • Love, Alan C (2008). Explaining Evolutionary Innovation and Novelty: Criteria of Adequacy and Multidisciplinary Prerequisites. Philosophy of Science, 75, 874-886.
  • Love, Alan C (2008). From Philosophy to Science (to Natural Philosophy): Evolutionary Developmental Perspectives. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 83, 65-76.
  • Brigandt, I. and A.C. Love. 2008/2012. Reductionism in biology. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (substantial revision in the latest version). http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/reduction-biology/
  • Love, A.C. 2008. Explaining the ontogeny of form: philosophical issues. In S. Sarkar and A. Plutynski (eds) A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 223–247.
  • Co-option and dissociation in larval origins and evolution: the sea urchin larval gut: Love, Alan, Love, A.C., A.E. Lee, Andrews, M.E. and Raff, R.A., Evolution & Development, 10 74–88, 2008. Link
  • Love, A.C., I. Brigandt, K. Stotz, D. Schweitzer, and A. Rosenberg. 2008. More worry, less love? Metascience 17:1–26. (Review symposium of Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology by A. Rosenberg [2006].)
  • Love, A.C. 2008. Revisiting evolutionary foundations. (A review of Making Sense of Evolution: The Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Biology by M. Pigliucci and J. Kaplan, [2006]), Mind 117:201–205.
  • Love, A.C. 2008. Scientific realism: just out of reach? (A review of Exceeding our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconcealed Alternatives by P.K. Stanford, [2006]), Review of Metaphysics 62:155–157.
  • Love, Alan C (2007). Functional Homology and Homology of Function: Biological Concepts and Philosophical Consequences. Biology & Philosophy, 22, 691-708.
  • Gene expression patterns in a novel animal appendage: The sea urchin pluteus arm: Love, Alan, Love, A.C., Andrews, M.E. and Raff, R.A., Evolution & Development, 9 51–68, 2007. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2007. Morphological and paleontological perspectives for a history of evo-devo. In M. Laubichler and J. Maienschein (eds) From Embryology to Evo-Devo: A History of Developmental Evolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 267–307.
  • Love, A.C. 2007. Revolutionary evo-devo? (A review of Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo-devo by S. Carroll, [2005]), Journal of the History of Biology 40:594–597.
  • Love, A.C. 2007. The hedgehog, the fox, and reductionism in biology. (A review of Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology by A. Rosenberg, [2006]), Evolution 61:2736–2738.
  • Love, A.C. 2007. Putting the pieces together. (A review of Fins into Limbs: Evolution, Development, and Transformation edited by B.K. Hall, [2007]), Science 317:1502–1503.
  • Reflections on the middle stages of evo-devo’s ontogeny: Love, Alan, Biological Theory, 1 94–97, 2006. Link
  • Evolutionary morphology and evo-devo: hierarchy and novelty: Love, Alan, Theory in Biosciences, 124 317–333, 2006. Link
  • Larval ectoderm, organizational homology, and the origins of evolutionary novelty: Love, Alan, Love, A.C. and Raff, R.A., Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol), 206B 18–34, 2006. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2006. Looking beyond gene concepts. (A review of What Genes Can’t Do by L. Moss, [2004]), Philosophy of Science 73:247–250.
  • Love, A.C. 2006. Taking development seriously: who, what, where, why, when, how? Biology & Philosophy 21:575–589. (Essay review of Embryology, Epigenesis, and Evolution: Taking Development Seriously, by J.S. Robert, [2004].)
  • Love, A.C. 2006. Plausibility, conceivability, and possibility. (A review of The Plausibility of Life by M. Kirschner and J. Gerhart, [2005]), BioScience 56:772–774.
  • Love, A.C. 2006. History, scientific methodology, and the ‘squishy’ sciences. (A review of Science Rules: A Historical Introduction to Scientific Methods edited by P. Achinstein, [2004]), Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49:452–456.
  • Love, A.C. 2005. The return of the embryo. Biology & Philosophy 20:567–584. (Essay review of Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology, edited by B.K. Hall and W. Olson, [2003].)
  • Love, A.C. 2005. Thinking historically about embryos and evolution. (A review of The Changing Role of the Embryo in Evolutionary Thought: Roots of Evo-Devo by R. Amundson, [2005]), Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  • Fostering inquiry in nonlaboratory settings: Love, Alan, Ingram, E.L., Lehman, E., Love, A.C. and Polacek, K.M., Journal of College Science Teaching, 34 39–43, 2004. Link
  • Kowalevsky, comparative evolutionary embryology, and the intellectual lineage of evo-devo: Love, Alan, Raff, R.A. and Love, A.C. , Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol Dev Evol), 302B 19–34, 2004. Link
  • Evolvability, dispositions, and intrinsicality: Love, Alan, Philosophy of Science, 70 1015–1027, 2003. Link
  • Knowing your ancestors: themes in the history of evo-devo: Love, Alan, Love, A.C. and Raff, R.A. , Evolution & Development, 5 327–330, 2003. Link
  • Evolutionary morphology, innovation, and the synthesis of evolutionary and developmental biology: Love, Alan, Biology & Philosophy , 18 309–345, 2003. Link
  • Evolutionary morphology, innovation, and the synthesis of evolutionary and developmental biology: Love, Alan, Biology & Philosophy , 18 309–345, 2003. Link
  • Darwin and Cirripedia prior to 1846: exploring the origins of the barnacle research: Love, Alan, Journal of the History of Biology , 35 251–289, 2002. Link
  • Love, A.C. 2002. Christianity for Darwinians? (A review of Can a Darwinian be a Christian? by M. Ruse, [2001]), Metascience 11:115–118.
Awards
  • McKnight Land Grant Professorship, 2009 - 2011
  • Scholar of the College, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota, 2013 - 2016
  • Imagine Fund Annual Award, 2013 - 2014
  • Global Programs & Strategy Alliance, International Travel Award, 2011