Gilliane F Monnier

Photo of Gilliane F Monnier

Contact Me

395 Hubert H. Humphrey Center

301 19th Ave S

Gillane Monnier's primary research focus is using stone tools to reconstruct human behavior and culture change throughout the Lower and Middle Paleolithic in western Europe. She is interested in the chronological distribution of stone tool types as an indicator of culture change; in the relationship between stone tool shapes (including symmetry and standardization) and human cognitive abilities; and in lithic edge wear and residue analysis as an indicator of stone tool functions.

Educational Background & Specialties

Educational Background

  • Ph.D: Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2000.
  • M. Phil.: Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K., 1992.
  • B. A.: Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1991.


  • Stone tool analysis
  • Lower and Middle Paleolithic in Western Europe
  • Neanderthal behavior
  • Microarchaeology
Courses Taught
  • Anth 1001: Human Evolution
  • Anth 3001: Introduction to Archaeology
  • Anth 3221: Archaeology Field School
  • Anth 4001: Advanced Method and Theory in Archaeology: Experimental Archaeology
  • Anth 4077: Neanderthals: Biology and Culture of Humanity's Nearest Relative
Research & Professional Activities


  • Developing FTIR microscopy for lithic residue analysis: funded by the National Science Foundation, grant # BCS-1420702, 9/1/14 - 8/31/16
  • Reconstructing Prehistoric Lifeways at the Bremer Site (21DK06), Dakota County, MN, through microarchaeology: funded by the Minnesota Historical Society, grant # 1307-00979, 1/21/14 - 6/1/15
  • Early modern human behavior in the Middle Danube region of Central Europe: Microarchaeology at Tvarozna-Za skolou, Czech Republic; funded by the National Science Foundation, grant # BCS-1354095, 9/1/14 - 9/1/17
  • G. F. Monnier and K. Missal, 2014. Another Mousterian Debate? Bordian facies, chaîne opératoire technocomplexes, and patterns of lithic variability in the western European Middle and Upper Pleistocene. Quaternary International 350 (2014):59-83.
  • G. F. Monnier and E. Bischoff, 2014. Size matters. An evaluation of descriptive and metric criteria for identifying cut marks made by unmodified rocks during butchery. Journal of Archaeological Science 50:305-317.
  • G. F. Monnier, Thomas C. Hauck, Joshua M. Feinberg, Bing Luo, Jean-Marie Le Tensorer, Heba al Sakhel, 2013. A multi-analytical methodology of lithic residue analysis applied to Paleolithic tools from Hummal, Syria. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:3722-3739.
  • G. F. Monnier, J. L. Ladwig, S. T. Porter, 2012. Swept under the rug: the problem of unacknowledged ambiguity in lithic residue identification. Journal of Archaeological Science 39:3284-3300.
  • G. F. Monnier, 2012. Neanderthal Behavior. Nature Education Knowledge 3(6):11.
  • G. F. Monnier and K. P. McNulty, 2010. Questioning the Link Between Stone Tool Standardization and Behavioral Modernity, pp. 61-82 in New Perspectives on Old Stones: Analytical Approaches to Palaeolithic Technologies, ed. by S. Lycett and P. Chauhan. Springer Press. Download
  • G. F. Monnier, 2007. Middle Paleolithic Scraper Morphology, Flaking Mechanics, and Imposed Form: Revisiting Bisson's "Interview with a Neanderthal." Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17:3:341-50. Download
  • G. F. Monnier, 2006. The Lower/Middle Paleolithic Periodization in Western Europe: An Evaluation. Current Anthropology 47:709-744. Download
  • G. F. Monnier, 2006. Testing Retouched Flake Tool Standardization during the Middle Paleolithic: Patterns and Implications, pp. 57-84 in Transitions before The Transition: evolution and stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, ed. by E. Hovers and S. L. Kuhn. New York: Kluwer Press.