Christopher is a PhD student in the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Sociology Department and a Population Science Trainee at the Minnesota Population Center. As a Health Policy Research Scholar, Christopher’s work is supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Christopher’s research examines the intersection of policing, race, and health. Using mixed-method approaches, he aims to identify the hidden costs of police violence that are borne by individuals and communities of color. Drawing upon the life course perspective, Christopher seeks to understand how personal and vicarious experiences of police violence perpetuate adverse mental health and well-being across generations. Christopher’s work also explores how the criminalization of mental illness and the expansion of law enforcement into health and social support functions affect health service usage by often-criminalized populations, such as communities of color, undocumented persons, and formerly incarcerated populations. Christopher aspires for his research to contribute to health and public safety policy efforts that center anti-racism, health equity, and structural change.