William P Shively

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W. Phillips Shively is Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota. He has also taught at the University of Oregon and Yale University, and has been a visiting professor at the University of Oslo. His research deals with the comparative study of elections, and with methods of data analysis. He is the author (with Chris Achen) of Cross-Level Inference and of a textbook, The Craft of Political Research, as well as numerous articles on elections and on methods of analysis. He has served as editor of the American Journal of Political Science and as chair and principal investigator of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems project, as well as various administrative positions at the University of Minnesota. His true love is natural history.

Educational Background & Specialties

Educational Background

  • PhD: University of North Carolina, 1969.

Curriculum Vitae


  • elections around the world
  • comparative politics
  • Western Europe
  • democracies
Research & Professional Activities

Professional Activities

  • Chair, Comparative Study of Electoral Systems database project (www.umich.edu/~cses/): 1998 - 2005
  • Co-Chair (with Kathryn Sikkink) of the 2002 program of the American Political Science Association national meetings: 2002
  • Member, National Election Study Board of Overseers: 1995 - 2004
  • Provost for Arts, Sciences and Engineering, University of Minnesota: 1995 - 1997
  • Section chair for comparative politics, American Political Science Association: 1992
  • Chair, Task Force on Second Language Instruction, University of Minnesota: 1990 - 1991
  • President, Midwest Political Science Association: 1985 - 1986
  • University Faculty Lobbyist, University of Minnesota: 1983 - 1985
  • Chair, Political Science Department, University of Minnesota: 1981 - 1984
  • Editor, American Journal of Political Science: 1975 - 1979
  • Who Represents Us Best? One Member or Many?, Shively, W and Curtice, John, in Hans-Dieter Klingemann, ed., A Comparative Study of Electoral Systems. Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Case Selection: Insights from Rethinking Social Inquiry: Shively, William, Political Analysis, 344-347, Summer 2006.
  • Multilevel Modeling for Large Clusters: Shively, William, Orit Kedar, Special issue of Political Analysis, Autumn 2005.
  • Applying a Two-Step Strategy to the Analysis of Cross-National Public Opinion Data: Shively, William, Karen Long Jusko, Political Analysis, 13 327-344, Autumn 2005.
  • The Asymmetry of Democratization and Democratic Breakdown (Or is it Authoritarianization and Authoritarian Breakdown?): Shively, William, The Evolution of Political Knowledge, 2003.
  • Contextual Data and the Study of Elections and Voting Behavior: Connecting Individuals to Environments: Shively, William, Martin Johnson & Robert Stein, Electoral Studies/The Future of Election Studies, 2002.
  • Cross-Level Inference as an Identification Problem: Shively, William, Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Section on Statistical Education, 94-100, 2000.
  • Cross-Level Inference. Shively, William, Chris Achen, University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Comparative Governance. Shively, William, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
  • Power and Choice. Shively, William, McGraw-Hill, 1986.
  • The Craft of Political Research. Shively, William, Prentice-Hall, 1974.
  • Fellow of the Political Methodology Society
  • National Science Foundation Grants, Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, 2002-2006
  • Best Comparative Politics Database award, Comparative Politics Section of the American Political Science Association for the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems database, 2001
  • Morse Amoco/Alumni Teaching Award, University of Minnesota, 1989