Collegiate Affiliation

Michael Lower writes about the crusades, mercenaries, medieval Mediterranean history, and soccer. He grew up in Toronto and went to UTS for high school, then to Victoria College in the University of Toronto for a B.A. in history. He received a Ph.D. in medieval history in 1999 from Cambridge University, where he worked with David Abulafia and Jonathan Riley-Smith. Since 2000 he has taught in the history department at the University of Minnesota. In 2010-11, thanks to a Mellon Foundation New Directions Fellowship, he was fortunate enough to spend a year studying classical Arabic and early Islamic history at the University of Chicago. His more recent research on the crusades tries to bring together Arabic and European-language sources to tell the story of these complex multi-lateral conflicts from multiple perspectives.

He is the author of "The Barons' Crusade of 1239: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences" (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005) and "The Tunis Crusade of 1270: A Mediterranean History" (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018).

Educational Background & Specialties
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Educational Background

  • Ph.D.: History, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1999 - none


  • the Crusades
  • Christian-Muslim Relations
  • North Africa
  • Medieval Mediterranean