Holocaust & Genocide Education
We support educators through workshops and by offering a myriad of resources for teaching age-appropriate lessons about the Holocaust and genocide.
We define the Holocaust as the destruction of six million European Jews by the Nazis
and their collaborators between 1933-1945.
We draw on two definitions of genocide:
1. As established by the 1948 UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the
Crime of Genocide: Genocides are "acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in
part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group."
2. As defined by historical sociologist Helen Fein: "Genocide is a series of purposeful
actions by a perpetrator(s) to destroy a collectivity through mass or selective murders
of group members and suppressing the biological and social reproduction of the collectivity."
Minnesota State Standards
The State of Minnesota does not have a legislative mandate for the teaching of the Holocaust and other genocides. Please consult the Minnesota Department of Education’s K-12 Academic Standards.
When to Begin
We recommend teaching the Holocaust and genocide starting in middle school, as students at that level can begin to understand the complexity of these historic events in their proper context. At the elementary level, students should receive character-building lessons that teach empathy, citizenship, the value of diversity, and the dangers of prejudice and bias in society.
Before teaching about genocide, it is essential that educators at all levels establish a rationale for teaching it in their classrooms. It is important to create a clear set of goals and objectives with an understanding of the historical context in order to connect with your students and aid them in their understanding of the complexities of the Holocaust and genocide studies.
Choosing Lessons and Activities
When determining what lessons and activities are suitable for classroom:
- Make sure the lessons fit within your goals for teaching the Holocaust or other genocides in your classroom.
- Be sure the lessons are age-appropriate and can be easily integrated into your existing curriculum.
- Always provide students with the correct historical context and references prior to introducing resources, lessons, and activities.
- Avoid activities that trivialize events or require students to play the role of the victim.
- Be sensitive to the emotional nature of the material and use discretion in utilizing graphic images. There are an abundance of source materials that convey the horror and tragic nature of genocide without using photographs of the dead.
produced by our friends at the UMN Libraries
- CHGS U.S.-Dakota War Unit Plan: From the “Sioux Massacres” to the “Dakota Genocide”: Minnesota’s “Forgotten War” in the State’s Newspapers from 1862 to 2012 (Also, see a video recording explaining the unit plan)
- CHGS Dakota Internment Lesson Plan: Dakhóta Internment at Fort Snelling at Bdote
A Sixth-Grade Minnesota Studies Lesson Plan (Also, see a video recording explaining the lesson plan)
- CHGS education resources in the UMN Digital Conservancy
- CHGS educator library hours: due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the CHGS library is currently closed. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 612-626-2617, and we will return your message as quickly as possible.
- Survivor Narratives and Testimonies
- Resources from The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum