The R. John Rath Prize, a cash award, is given annually for the best article published in the Austrian History Yearbook. (The exception is the first award, for which articles in both the 2001 and the 2002 issues were eligible.) It is funded by the estate of the longtime Habsburg scholar and founding editor of the AHY, R. John Rath (1910-2001), and by contributions in his memory.
- 2015: Bálint Varga, "The Rise and Fall of an Austrian Identity in the Provincial Historiography of Bukovina" (Vol. 46).
- 2014: Michael O'Sullivan, "A Hungarian Josephinist, Orientalist, and Bibliophile: Count Karl Reviczky, 1737-1793." (Vol. 45).
- 2013: Werner Telesko, Richard Kurdiovsky, and Dagmar Sachsenhofer, “The Vienna Hofburg between 1835 and 1918—A Residence in the Conflicting Fields of Art, Politics, and Representation.” (Vol. 44). Second Prize: James Tracy, “The Road to Szigetvár: Ferdinand I’s Defense of His Hungarian Border, 1548-1566.” (Vol. 44)
- 2012: Madalina-Valeria Veres, “Putting Transylvania on the Map: Cartography and Enlightened Absolutism in the Habsburg Monarchy.” (Vol. 43). Second Prize: Pamela Ballinger, “History’s ‘Illegibles’: National Indeterminacy in Istria.” (Vol. 43)
- 2011: Matthew Rampley, "Peasants in Vienna: Ethnographic Display and the 1873 World's Fair." (Vol. 42) Honorable Mention: Dominique Kirchner Reill, "A Poet's Struggle for a New Adriaticism in the Nineteenth Century." (Vol. 42)
- 2010: Tara Zahra, "'Prisoners of the Postwar': Expellees, Displaced Persons, and Jews in Austria after World War II." (Vol. 41)
- 2009: Alison Frank, "The Pleasant and the Useful: Pilgrimage and Tourism in Habsburg Mariazell." (Vol. 40)
- 2008: Patrice M. Dabrowski, "Constructing a Polish Landscape: The Example of the Carpathian Frontier." (Vol. 39)
- 2007: David Gerlach, for “Working with the Enemy: Labor Politics in the Czech Borderlands, 1945-48.” (Vol. 38)
- 2006: Alexander Maxwell, “Why the Slovak Language Has Three Dialects: A Study in Historical Perceptual Dialectology.” (Vol. 37)
- 2005: Jaroslav Miller, “Early Modern Urban Immigration in East Central Europe: A Macroanalysis.” (Vol. 36)
- 2004: Peter Urbanitsch, “Pluralist Myth and National Realities: The Dynastic Myth of the Habsburg Monarchy—a Futile Exercise in the Creation of Identity?” (Vol. 35)
- 2003: Cathleeen M. Giustino, “Municipal Activism in Late-Nineteenth-Century Prague: The House Numbered 207-V and Ghetto Clearance.” (Vol. 34)
- 2001-02: Catherine Albrecht, “The Rhetoric of Economic Nationalism in the Bohemian Boycott Campaigns of the Late Habsburg Monarchy.” (Vol. 32)