Government & Law

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Government

When you think about positions in government, you need to think broadly. Careers can be pursued at the local/municipal level, within county government, or at the state and federal level (check out our Federal Employment Search Tips career guide). Public service attracts a wide range of individual skills, interests, and expertise...so no matter what career field you are hoping to enter, a position may exist. State and federal agencies include Education, Economic Development, Employment Services, Health, Human Resources/Management Services, Transportation (among others) and a range of services to citizens from A to V (such as services for aging to Veterans Services). In 2015, more than 34,000 civil servants worked for the State of Minnesota.

Public Policy

Public policy is another area to consider. It is not a tangible thing but rather a term used to describe a collection of laws, mandates, or regulations established through the political process. The field of public policy typically demands candidates with a graduate degree in public policy (MPP) or public affairs (MPA), although related entry-level careers exist for students with bachelor's degrees. In Minnesota, we are fortunate to have the Humphrey School of Public Affairs. It currently ranks 8th out of 50 public policy schools in the U.S.

Law

If you are interested in the law, law enforcement, or working in corrections, there are, once again, opportunities at the municipal, state and federal levels. Police/fire/emergency services exist, and each state has an Attorney General’s office. Corrections Departments tend to employ a high number of individuals. In the State of Minnesota, for example, Corrections is ranked #3 (only Human Services and Transportation are higher). Positions related to compliance also seem to attract individuals interested in the enforcement of laws. Compliance officers are hired by governmental agencies (see paragraph above).

If you are interested in attending or exploring law school, start by reviewing the many pre-law resources available to all U of M students. And finally, it’s worth noting that several career options exist in legal services that do not require a law degree. Examples include paralegals, legal assistants, victim/witness advocates, and contract administrators.

Careers in government and in the public service sector encompass a variety of job functions and attract candidates from nearly all academic majors. Like any other business or organization, government agencies need communication/marketing, human resources, customer support, finance, accounting, project management, and technology support. It’s important to examine (and gain clarity on) your individual interests, skills, and how your previous experience has prepared you for the position. Another component of the job search is knowing WHY you are drawn toward public service (your work values). There is not one major or minor that will prepare you for this field as there are many pathways, the lists below are not all-inclusive.

Undergrad Coursework

Consider coursework in Writing and Speaking, Problem Solving and Analytics, Leadership, Understanding Human Behavior and Social Justice/Human Rights. Learn more about recommended pre-law courses at the U of M. Check out the HECUA program which offers off-campus study that addresses some of the most important issues of our time, including a program called Inequity in America.

Graduate Coursework

For a deeper study on a specific discipline within this field, you may want to consider graduate school programs to enhance your expertise, or in some fields open up more job advanced job opportunities. Faculty in your department are fantastic resources to solicit information from. Additionally, you can search for graduate school programs use the Grad School Directory or Peterson's Guide.

Click to expand each gray box below for opportunities in this career field!

Careers

Use O*NET, a free online database that provides career information including job duties, salary, and job growth information for hundreds of careers to start exploring careers in this field.  Here are some sample titles to get you started:

  • Legislator (or Legislative Assistant)
  • Tax Examiners and Revenue Agents
  • Park Naturalist
  • Fish and Game Warden
  • Probation Officer and Correctional Treatment Specialist
  • Foreign Service Officer

You can also watch career profiles of professionals in this field, including UMN alums!

Below is a small sampling of organizations and their positions that have recruited CLA students in the past. For a more comprehensive list of job openings, search GoldPASS, a free database of internship, volunteer, and job postings for UMN students.

  • Consumer Analyst, Office of the MN Attorney General
  • State Director for Environment America, The Public Interest Network
  • Judicial Assistant, U.S. District Court of Minnesota
  • Corrections Officer, Scott County
  • Code Compliance Officer, City of Superior, Wisconsin
  • Health Program Manager, MN Department of Health
  • Youth Specialist, Peoria County Government
  • Police Officer, City of Newton, Kansas
  • Community Organizer, Clean Water Action
  • Workforce Services Specialist, Hennepin County
  • Crime Analyst, City of La Crosse
  • Real Estate Appraiser, St. Louis County, MN
  • Border Patrol Agent, United States Border Patrol
  • Legal Secretary II, Eau Claire County
  • Watercraft Inspector, Washington County, MN
  • WIC Program Consultant, Iowa Department of Health & Human Services
Get Experience: Internships and more!

Seek out opportunities, such as those listed below, to develop the 10 Core Career Competencies. Active Citizenship & Community Engagement, Teamwork & Leadership, Engaging Diversity, and Ethical Reasoning & Decision-Making are especially valued in the Human Services, Government & Law Enforcement field. Check out the  “Being Marketable for Federal Government Jobs” article.

Internships and Part-Time Jobs

Below is a small sampling of organizations and their positions where CLA students have done internships and part-time jobs in the past. For a more comprehensive, search GoldPASS, a free database of internship, volunteer, and job postings for UMN students or search for on-campus jobs. Another option to consider is the HECUA program which has an internship component with organizations, often in the public service sector.

  • Urban Scholar, City of Minneapolis Regulatory Services Department
  • Political Leader of Tomorrow (PLOT) Intern, WomenWinning
  • FBI Honors Intern, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Public Policy and Communications Intern, Minnesota Brain Injury Alliance
  • Legal Assistant Intern, Minnesota House of Representatives
  • Intern, Neighborhoods Organizing for Change
  • Predatory Offender Registration Intern, Bureau of Criminal Apprehension
  • Intern, Minnesota Department of Transportation
  • Program Evaluation and Auditing Intern, Metropolitan Council
  • Legal Intern, Ramsey County Attorney's Office
  • Constituent Services Intern, United States Senate
  • Youth Aid Intern, Newham Youth Offending Team
  • Refugee and Immigrant Program Intern, The Advocates for Human Rights
  • Public Affairs Intern, US Department of State
  • Constituent Outreach Intern, Office of Governor Mark Dayton
  • Visual Communications Interpretation Intern, National Parks Service
  • Legislative Intern, US House of Representatives
  • Communications and Outreach Intern, US Department of Education
  • Public Policy Intern, AARP
  • Legal Intern, Holman Webb Lawyers
  • Government Relations Intern, Minnesota Department of Education
  • Research Assistant, Hennepin County

Volunteer

The Center for Community-Engaged Learning has advising staff that will help you get connected to one of the 300+ community organizations that match your interests.

Research

Undergraduate research is valuable for anyone thinking they might pursue graduate study. There are many ways to participate in research at the university, so click on the link above to explore them all.

Join a Student Group

Consider getting involved with a student group. Under categories, select “Political and Social Action” to find groups that match your interests. Here are a couple examples of groups that might be of interest to you:

  • Advancing Urban Health Equity
  • All Campus Elections Commission
  • American Constitution Society for Law & Policy
  • CivicDuty at the University of Minnesota
Job and Internship Search

Job & Internship Search Sites

Building Relationships

Talk with and Observe Professionals

Networking can help you explore a career field; start by doing informational interviews which is when you set up a time to have a discussion with people who are in organizations or professions that are of interest to you to ask questions about their career path. Then, find opportunities to observe (or Job Shadow) these professionals at work so you can get a better sense of what that career would be like. Find alumni and professionals to speak with by searching the free to use Maroon & Gold Network which allows students to do highly tailored searches to find alumni and professionals in the community who share their specific career interests. For example, you can browse the network to find individuals who are willing to share insights by industry, college, major, degree type, employer, location and more. You can also find contacts through using the LinkedIn Alumni Tool and through professional organizations.

Advice From Employers

“Networking and experience. It is not always about the degree but what you do with your degree. Planning ahead before graduation to gain experience is a must. Find similar activities or jobs that pertain to what you want to build and start to build experiential hours. It can be in the form of volunteering, interning or job shadowing.” -Dakota County, representative